Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa, Argentina, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Saudi Arabia & the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

China invited Iran, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Russia sponsored Egypt.

South Africa with Russia successfully promoted the admission of Ethiopia.

Brazil wanted another member from Latin America, Argentina.

Apparently, India was not in favor for the admission of new members within the BRICS this year.

Below is Pepe Escobar’s comprehensive article concerning this historic event having happened in Johannesburg (South Africa) from August 22 to 24, 2023.

Please pay attention to the graphs of the respective GDPs (in PPP : Purchasing Power Parity) & debts of the BRICS 11 nations compared to those of the G7 nations : USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Canada, Japan plus a non state member, the European Union (EU).

Also a revealing integrated histogram showing the oil reserves possessed by the BRICS 11 nations compared to those owned by the G7 nations.

Please note too that China, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran are among the actual living civilizations on Earth having started from Ancient Times.

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